Horror film, also known as horror film, this type of film makes the audience feel the thrill of horror through images or stories. The earliest horror movies were deeply influenced by literature and drama. With the times and regions, the appearance of horror movies is also different.
A horror film is "a film with a gloomy atmosphere, a horror theme, usually containing some violent incidents and intended to make the audience creepy ", or a fearful element as the main component of the film .
According to content theory, the two basic characteristics of a horror movie are:
The content contains factors that are frightening or scary.Creating an atmosphere of suspense, surprise or tension is horrifying .Object theory, horror movies contain three types of objects, namely:
Fear of modern science;Fear of supernatural powers;Fear of the threatening alien power in reality .Fear is different from horror. Fear is a psychologically stimulating reaction that encourages individuals to instinct to preserve themselves. Terror is a form of cognition that carries social meaning .
In Western culture, horror movies contain many types of themes, such as murder, vampires, zombies, demons, aliens, evil children, werewolves, cannibals, haunted houses, souls, ghost ships, and death. Horror movies are often mixed with other types of movies, especially science fiction movies. Horror movies are often associated with lower costs and development costs, but well-known film companies and directors occasionally shoot this type of film . In Eastern culture, horror movies are usually more singular,  because of this difference, ghosts and spiritual fears are most common in the story of oriental horror movies.